April 2002: vol. 11, no. 9

California Colleges For International Education

PHONE (818) 882-9931 FAX (818) 882-9837 E-mail: rabyrl@aol.com
URL: http://www.rccd.cc.ca.us/ccie

International Education Updates

CCIE WORKSHOP SERIES: `01-`02

CCIE hosts annually a series of workshops for our members on a variety of themes.

The 3rd workshop for 2002 will be held in Lake Tahoe on the theme of Study Abroad: Establishing Priorities for the Next Decade May 3-4.

On May 3, there will be two Roundtables Session. The first will be on defining best-practice for initiating implementing and evaluating Programs.

The second will be on Legal & Safety Issues; and Contractor's Profiles. Gary Rhodes, USC and Michael O'Neil, Security Director for the Peace Corps will be part of the Friday Afternoon Round table.

May 4th, there will be a special presentation by Nancy Zarenda, California State Department of Education followed by an especially unique Round table. There are 12 confirmed Travel Contractors, Providers and Language Institutes from Spain, France, England, Italy, Mexico and New Zealand. Together we will initiate dialogue with CCIE members to target those areas for improvement and refinement. The goal will be to build a better study abroad foundation for our colleges and our students. The Workshop is being co-sponsored by:

  • Language Studies Abroad, Inc.
  • C.I.A., France
  • AIFS
  • Semester at Sea
  • American Council for International Studies
  • Journeys of Discovery
  • Universidad Internacional, Cuernavaca
  • Don Quijote Universidad, Salamanca
  • New Zealand Study Abroad

We hope that all CCIE colleges will be able to send at least 1 representative to this very important workshop.

Pre-Registration for CCIE members is $75 ($85 after April 19) and $85 for non-members ($95 after April 19). Arrangements have been made with Embassy Suits for reduced rates. For registration and information, please contact Rosalind: rabyrl@aol.com

CCIE GRANT & SCHOLARSHIP COMPETITION

The Annual CCIE 2002 Faculty Grant & Student Scholarship Competition Deadline is May 13 with awards announced by June 10. Three awards for students to study abroad for Summer 2002, Fall 2002 or Spring 2003. All students must participate in a CCIE college study abroad program. An additional three awards will be given to CCIE member college faculty, administration or staff to have them conduct anything "international." Awards are for up to $ 500 each.

Only CCIE member colleges who are current with their dues are eligible for participation in this award competition. Application forms are included in this mailing. For more information on the awards or your college's dues status, please contact Rosalind: rabyrl@aol.com.

NAFSA R & T WORKSHOPS

Region XII Northern District will offer two Roundtable & Training (R&T) Workshops. Pre-registration is April 5.

  • CAFSS R&T WORKSHOP: City College of San Francisco - Phelan Campus, April 19
  • COMMUNITY COLLEGE R&T WORKSHOP: Foothill Community College, April 29, 2002: 9:00 - 3:00

INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION WEEK

The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs/DOS has announced the week of November 18-22 for International Education Week 2002. CCIE will again be offering it's Annual Business Meeting and Special Guest Speaker during that week at the CCLC conference. The tentative date for the Annual Meeting is November 21. Please make it on your calendars today!

Please share with Rosalind information on how your college celebrated International Education Week last year and any plans that you currently have for next year's celebration.

VISITOR HIGHLIGHTS

Please send information on any international guests who have visited your college in recent months.

INS NEW RULES

April 8, INS announced an intent to change the rules for B (tourist) visas. The proposal shortens the period of stay in the US to 30 days unless special circumstances are demonstrated. The rule also prohibits non-immigrant visitors admitted under B-1 or B-2 visas from enrolling in a school prior to receiving INS approval of their request to change non-immigrant status to that of an F (academic) or M (vocational) student. The change in status is expected to take up to 30 days. There is also a proposal that would prevent people who enter the country on business or tourist visas from changing those visas to student visas unless they state at the time of their arrival an intention to study and have on record that they are a "prospective student." Foreign citizens who already have begun college courses at an American campus while awaiting a decision on such an application will be allowed tocontinue their studies. Although detailed information has not yet been published in the Federal Register, it will happen soon with immediate implementation to follow. These changes are fully supported by Terry W. Hartle, senior vice president for government and public affairs at the American Council on Education.

This new ruling will not only effect international student programs, but can potentially effect study abroad programs as well. Many short-term programs and perhaps even our semester programs can be effected if other countries initiate reciprocal agreements. Indeed, the question remains if it is OK for US programs to operate under visitor visas abroad or if you are a student for any time - you must apply as a "student."

ETS CUTS 84 TESTING SITES

The educational Testing Service will eliminate 84 of its 195 overseas, computer-based testing centers because the centers are not economically viable. The cuts could make it more difficult for students in dozens of countries to take tests that are vital to studying in theUnited States. Handwritten exams will be given in those areas where centers have been cut. ETS estimates that less than 15% of the international test-takers will be affected by the change.

SENATE SUPPORTS STUDY ABROAD

Congressional Hearings on March 12 discussed study abroad as the best method to learn a foreign language that builds necessary critical skills for national security. Both Susan Westin, managing director of international affairs and trade at the U.S. General Accounting Office (GAO), and Dr. Ray T. Clifford, Defense Language Institute, confirmed that studying abroad had a beneficial impact on language acquisition.

COUNCIL TRAVEL BANKRUPTCY

Bill McGuinnes, President of Council Travel explains his company's current position. As of April 1, Council Travel was sold to STA Travel. STA will continue to operate most of the retail locations. If a local Council Travel office is closed, a new STA shop can be found at STA also assumed the Licensed Authority status for ISIC. For those colleges who have issuing offices an e-mail from STA will detail new procedures.

FULBRIGHT-HAYS SEMINAR IN UGANDA

CSU, Sacramento has received a Grant Award for Fulbright-Hays Seminar in Uganda for Summer 2002. Theseminar theme is "Culture, Democratization, Peace and Development in Uganda," for faculty development. The program will pay for your airfare, meals & lodging and transportation in Uganda, plus staff honoraria and related program costs. For applications please contact ErnestUwazie: Uwazieee@csus.edu

ESL COURSE CREDIT IS QUESTIONED

One of our CCIE members has shared new information on the questioning of ESL Course Credit at California Community Colleges. Some of our member colleges have recently had their ESL courses stripped of their degree applicability (including advanced courses which transfer to the CSU and UC system). In these circumstances, it was a blanket stripping on the grounds that the college was in violation of state compliance that no courses two levels below English 1A are supposed to get credit. What this has done is take away degree applicability options for an entire class of people -- (immigrants, refugees, and international students). CCIE questions if a dual criteria now exists, the base of which may be a manifestation of xenophobia. On one hand we encourage all to learn English, but then deny credit at the community college level? It is also noted that Stanford University does offer ESL courses under the guise of Linguistics which second language learners take for credit. Is this a direction the community colleges should take? CCIE would like to continue this dialogue, so please e-mail your comments to Rosalind and we will post it for others to share.

MACARTHUR GRANTS

The MacArthur Foundation is offering Research and Writing Grants to support the themes of Migration and Refugees or Technological Change and Global Security and Sustainability. For guidelines, visit: http://www.macfound.org/programs/gss/other

INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE DIRECTORY

The Alliance for International Educational and Cultural Exchange announces the "International Exchange Locator: A Resource Directory for Educational and Cultural Exchange, 2002 Edition," This is a directory of nonprofit organizations, federal agencies and congressional committees that are engaged in international exchange. The 2002 edition also lists information on international organizations, research and supportorganizations; exchange programs throughout over 40 federal government departments, agencies, bureaus, and offices (with detailed phone listings of State, USAID, and Fulbright Commissions worldwide); and congressional committees which oversee and fund international exchange and trainingprograms. For information, visit: http://www.alliance-exchange.org

CONGRATULATIONS TO PAM THOMAS, STATE CENTER CCD

The ACIIE 2002 Executive Board has announced the six new Board members, of which one is Pam Thomas of State Community College District. The following candidates are new members on the 2002 ACIIE Executive Board:

Priscilla Bell, President, Highline Community College, WA; Georgina (Gina) Kranitz, President, Paradise Valley Community College, AZ; Marty Hanson, Black Hawk College, IL Zinta Konrad, College of DuPage, IL; and Pam Thomas, State Center Community College District, CA

Congratulations Pam!

OPEN DOORS 2001

The 2001 Open Doors Report documents the annual census of international students enrolled on U.S. university campuses for degree credit combined with the census of U.S. students abroad. As in previous years, CCIE has shared with IIE our Annual Report so that our member colleges are well represented. Thank you for completing the CCIE Survey for this purpose!

IIE STUDY ABROAD DIRECTORY 2002

The Institute of International Education announces its 2002 study abroad directory of Academic Year Abroad 2002 and Short Term Study Abroad 2002,listing over 5,000 study abroad opportunities. There are 2,782 Academic Year Abroad programs, and 2,338 Short-Term Study Abroad options.New for 2002:Numerous short-term personal development courses listed in Short-Term Study Abroad offering studio arts, dance, languagestudy, music. There are also study tour opportunities for those interested in hiking/trekking in Canada, France, Ireland, Nepal and Spain.Several pre-college interdisciplinary programs are available in several European locations.

There is a decreased interest in the Ivory Coast, Mauritius, Fiji, and Dominica. There is renewed interest in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and, most other former states of the Soviet Republic.

There is also a slight increase in programs that offer courses in disability studies, and peace studies.For information: http://www.iiebooks.org

SAFETY, HEALTH, LEGAL, & ETHICAL ISSUES SECTION

In light of recent events, the CCIE Newsletter now includes a section on Safety, Legal, Ethics and Health Issues for all international educational programs.

Due to increased violence in Israel, on April 3, several universities suspended their study abroad programs in Israel and are recalling their students who are enrolled in programs there. In California, UC suspended it's programs, and 28 of the 55 UC students have voluntarily returned. The CSU program in Haifa, however, is not been suspended, and is closely monitoring the situation. Students have been given cell phones and have been advised to avoid high conflict areas. Israel is just one of a number of countries experiencing program suspension. Other countries include Nepal, Indonesia and Zimbabwe.

PERU 2002 FAIR

Students Travel Peru announces the 2002 Educational Fair on October 9, 2002 at the Swisshotel in Lima. In 2001, 36 colleges participated, which informed more than 7,000 attendant students about their different programs. For information, email: studentstrav@terra.com.pe

CCIE COLLEGE SPOTLIGHTS

Spotlights on CCIE member colleges are provided in every Newsletter. Please send updates of any information that you would like to share about your college and related international educational activities to Rosalind.

WEST L.A. COLLEGE'S CREATIVE WRITING IN KRAKOW PROGRAM

West Los Angeles College's Creative Writing in Krakow Program has attracted the attention of Pavel Vogler, an award-winning documentary filmmaker. Vogler approached the College to ask for permission to direct a feature-length documentary film of the summer program, scheduled to take place June 18 to July 7, 2002. The documentary will chronicle the students' experiences as they live in Kaziemierz, the historic Jewish Quarter, meet Holocaust survivors, and visit Auschwitz/Birkenau. They will also meet artists and participate in the annual Jewish Culture Festival. Participants write about their experiences by following guided writing exercises. The program is suitable for beginning writers who need help getting started and experienced writers with works in progress. The Polish Consulate has become involved in the project and has agreed to set up a panel discussion between participants in the West Los Angeles College Program and residents of Krakow, Poland. Jegiellonian University, Krakow's main university, is also arranging meetings between participants in the Creative Writing in Krakow Program and faculty and students from the University.West Los Angeles College is now planning the Creative Writing in Jerusalem Program for 2003. For more information, contact Bernard Goldberg at (310) 287-4551, or goldbebm@wmail.wlac.cc.ca.us

STUDY ABROAD BROCHURE

The CCIE Study Abroad Brochure details programs, including brief description, location, dates, prices, contact and phone numbers. To have your college included in the Fall 2002 Edition, (programs from Fall 2002 - 2004), and in the CCIE Web-page, please mail updates to Rosalind by June 1. Enclosed in this package is the Summer 2002 Study Abroad Brochure.

Due to several last minute changes, the 1-page overview of the Summer Brochure is included in this mailing as well.

DIVERSE STUDY ABROAD LOCALS

Please send Rosalind information regarding your colleges' non-traditional study abroad programs.

Summer 2002

  • Ireland: Coast CCD; El Camino; Foothill/DeAnza CCD; Glendale; North Orange Co.
  • Prague: Glendale
  • Vienna: Citrus; Santa Monica
  • Greece: Citrus; Glendale; Napa; South Orange Co. CCD
  • Krakow: West L.A.
  • Norway: Santa Monica
  • Turkey: South Orange Co. CCD
  • Bali: Glendale
  • Tahiti: Santa Monica
  • Australia/New Zealand: Shasta
  • Vietnam: Foothill/DeAnza CCD
  • Japan: Glendale; Riverside; South Orange Co. CCD
  • China: L.A. Pierce & WLAC - Business; Long Beach - Environ. Geology; South Orange Co. CCD - Civilization and Martial Arts
  • Mongolia: San Francisco
  • Thailand: South Orange Co. CCD: Sports Medicine
  • Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia: San Francisco
  • Brazil: State Center
  • Venezuela: Siskiyous
  • Guatemala: Siskiyous
  • Peru: Siskiyous
  • Jamaica: San Mateo
  • Belize: Santa Monica
  • Cuba: NorCal Consortia
  • Quebec: Foothill/DeAnza

Fall 2002

  • China/Vietnam: Santa Barbara
  • China: South Orange Co. CCD

Winter/Spring Break 2002/2003

  • Israel: WLAC
  • Australia/New Zealand: Coast CCD; Glendale
  • Vietnam: San Francisco
  • Japan: South Orange Co. CCD
  • Bali: South Orange Co. CCD
  • Belize: Santa Monica
  • Guatemala: Siskiyous
  • Cuba: San Francisco

Spring 2003

  • Russia: Foothill/DeAnza
  • Greece: South Orange Co. CCD
  • Australia: San Diego; Santa Rosa: Work
  • Indonesia: South Orange Co.
  • Guatemala: Siskiyous

FACULTY HIGHLIGHTS

Please send information on any your faculty or Staff*s international accomplishments, i.e. publications, international conference presentations etc.

WEB UPDATES

Monster.Com has a series of articles about employment in international Education and also supports a monthly discussion on world etiquette and doing business abroad. Two articles are summarized below.

There's More to Global Education Than Teaching ESL by Nina Segal

This article discusses various jobs such as developing curricula for primary schools, creating universities in newly democratized countries, administering exchange programs that are of interest to CCIE college.

The Global Etiquette Guide: The UK How to Succeed Royally in Britain by Dean Foster

This article talks about the various intercultural traits involved in doing business in India.

On the Horizon continually has excellent resource articles and links for those interested in International Distance Education and Learning.

A past issue highlighted the Chinese distance learning market. In an interview with the Senior Vice President for Global Marketing for SCT, a leading provider of higher education technology, the effect SCT's initiatives may have on American and Chinese educational opportunities were discussed. It was suggested that the technological revolution may help turn cultural barriers into diverse opportunities for creative ventures. Empowered by technologies born of cross-cultural innovation, global businesses like SCT can provide access to education even in rural parts of distant nations. "Busy educators have no time for those technological "advancements" that create more difficulties than they resolve. But how do we separate the wheat from the chaff? The answer, Stephen C. Ehrmann tells us, lies in better diagnostic studies of Web-enabled efforts, studies that identify those programs with marked, practical effects on student learning. Laying out several crucial questions for educators undertaking such research, Ehrmann makes even the complicated process of assessment seem practicable.

Another article is a case study by Alan B. Howard on using technology to internationalize curriculum. Howard highlights his attempt to enliven humanities scholarship with technological instruments. The result? Unmatched online collections of texts, historic photographs, and directories of additional resources-plus a group of graduates eager and prepared to take on the 21st century.

In yet another article, Michael Theall discusses the problems with online course evaluations. Theall shows that the Web-based data collection methods are not always fundamentally superior to their paper-and-pencil counterparts. With a sobering review of decades of research, Theall points out some of the dangers new course evaluation designers must take into consideration.

TechKnowLogia, an online Journal, also has a series of very interesting articles.

Below are some summaries of internationally related articles that may be of interest:

  • Armenia: The Three Pomegranate Network (3PN) by Anoush Kacherian, Anoush Margaryan, Robert Gabrielyan and Artavazd Mamyan: The authors describe a global online learning program that connects Armenian students and teachers throughout the world by engaging them in collaborative, project-based learning activities. Almost all of the training for teachers was done through the project's website.
  • China: Teacher Training with TV Technology by Chen Xiangming, Associate Professor, Institute of Higher Education, Peking University, China: China has an extensive system of TV-based distance education, which also has been used to provide in-service training for teachers. Two sites that are offering this training to teachers are documented and compared.
  • Costa Rica: Teacher Training for Education Technology by Aimee Verdisco and Juan Carlos Navarro, Inter-American Development Bank: The Costa Rican experience regarding the introduction of computers in schools constitutes both a case about training teachers to use technology and using technology to train - and provide support to - teachers involved in a technology program. It suggests that the infusion of technology into the teaching-learning process seems to have the potential to change traditional notions of teacher training, beyond the classroom and immediate teaching practices.
  • Philippines: Infotech -Training in Remote Places by Elaine Furniss, UNICEF New York and Mayevelyn Remigio, UNICEF Manila: The aim of the Infotech project is to provide teachers and students from far flung areas of the country with the knowledge, skills, facilities and the materials to use information technology in teacher and student training; and access to information available through the Internet. The article records observations from a recent visit to the sites.
  • Singapore: Pre-service Teacher Training in Technology Use by Insung Jung, Ewha Women's University: Singapore is training pre-service teachers to use technology in the classroom and has developed a fairly comprehensive approach to training faculty and student teachers, and providing both groups with support to make this transition.
  • Zimbabwe: The Bindura Internet Learning Center by Anthony Bloome, Regional Coordinator, World Links for Development: The Bindura Center uses IT trainig to complement their classroom activities, open university students are downloading useful research information, and private clients are developing skills to improve their professional and organizational productivity.
  • Images of Teaching: The TIMSS Video Taping Project by Laurence Wolff, Inter-American Development Bank: TIMSS researchers videotaped 8th grade math lessons in US, Germany, and Japan to understand what was happening in the classroom. This was the first time videotaping had been used to compare cultural differences in teaching.

EAST-WEST INSTITUTES

Applications for the East-West Center Asian Studies 2002 summer institutes are now due for:

  • June 3-29: Institute on Korean Culture & Society, in Hawaii and Korea
  • June 17 - July 19: Institute on Empowering Relationships: Ways of Authority in Japanese Culture
  • July 7-28: Institute on Teaching About China and the United States, in China
  • July 23-August 9: Institute on Infusing Asian Studies into the Undergraduate Curriculum

CCIE THEMATIC WORKSHOPS

CCIE will be hosting a series of thematic workshops for 2002-2003. Look for flyers with details. If your college is interested in hosting a thematic workshop for the 2002-2003 academic year, please contact Rosalind.

1st GLOBAL FORUM ON TRADE

First Global Forum on Trade in Educational Services will be held May 23-24 at the Department of Commerce in Washington, D.C. The Forum will provide an opportunity to share issues and questions with colleagues from around the world concerned with liberalizingtrade in education services and diminishing current trade barriers in the provision of higher education internationally. Co-sponsors are:

  • Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI)
  • Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
  • U.S. Department of Education
  • U.S. Department of Commerce
  • National Committee for International Trade in Education
  • Center for Quality Assurance in International Education
  • The World Bank
  • Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
  • U.S. Department of State

For information: www.cqaie.org and www.tradeineducation.org.

CIEE SEMINARS

Faculty/Staff Development CIEE 2002 international programs: 1-800-40-STUDY ifds@ciee.org

  • Australia: Contemporary Perspectives - June 17 - 26
  • Changing Economic and Social Face of Brazil - June 11-19
  • Silk Road of China - June 8-19
  • Health & Public Policy- Costa Rica and Latin America - July 14-23
  • Evolution of South-Eastern Europe: Croatian Perspective - May 29-June 7
  • Contemporary Cuba -June 9-19
  • Democracy & Multiculturalism in the Andean World - June 1-12
  • London as Text: Art, Theater, and Cultural Identity - June 2- 10
  • Ghana - Dynamics of Economic Development - July 7 - 17
  • Hungary & the Czech Republic: From Communism Toward the European Union - June
  • Cross-Disciplinary Look at Today*s India- July 1 -13
  • Social Trends, Social Problems, and Social Policy in the Netherlands - June 2 - 10
  • Peace and Conflict in Northern Ireland - June 9-15
  • Senegal: June 29 - July 9
  • Nation-Building in South Africa - June 8 - 19
  • Spain Today and European Integration - June 7 - 19
  • Tunisia: The Legacy of Ancient Carthage - June 16 - 28
  • Economics, Polity and Religion in Turkey - June 9 - 20
  • Tradition and Transformation in Vietnam - July 6 - 16
  • Ecuador: Democracy & Multi-Culturalism in the Andean World

KOREAN STUDIES WORKSHOP

Korea University will have a Summer 2002 Korean Studies Workshop: "Modernization in Korea" for U.S. Undergraduate Students from July 21-28. The program features lectures by prominent Korean and American scholars and field trips to various historical and cultural sites in and around Seoul. Knowledge of the Korean language is not required. Expenses of the selected participants will be covered by the grant including accommodations, and meals, and round-trip airfare (participants will need to make their own travel arrangements and will be reimbursed up to $1,200). Participants will be expected to contribute $100 when selected and to purchase their own travelers* health insurance for the duration of the program. The application packet must include:

  • An application form
  • A one-page statement of purpose
  • One letter of recommendation from a professor familiar with the applicant's academic work
  • And a current transcript from the applicant's college or university.

Application deadline is May 10, 2002. Send the completed application to: John Duncan, Director UCLA Center for Korean Studies 11282 Bunche Hall Los Angeles, CA 90095-1487

LANGUAGE SCHOLARSHIPS

The International Education Council assists faculty interested in modern language education in California Community Colleges to study in their targeted country. There is still one scholarship remaining for a Community College French Professor to study for two weeks either in Paris or Antibbes (French Riviera) at a French language institute. The scholarship includesthe tuition and a home stay.

This year, there were IEC was able to award 16 of the 17 scholarships for Spain and Mexico. Additional information is available at: http://www.ltcconline.net/barclay/IEC/index.htm

SOCCIS SCHEDULE OF PUBLIC EVENTS

SOCCIS, the Southern California Consortium on International Studies supports various Public Events. All CCIE members are welcome to attend. Information is from the Asian, East-Asian and Japanese Studies Events Calendar, the Center for Globalization and Policy Research and the UCLA Burkle Centre for International Relations Series.

On-line information: www.isop.ucla.edu/bcir/seminar_series.htm

April 26-27: International Conference on Korean Christianity in Global Context

May 3: Challenges to Civil Rights in the 21st Century: A Symposium


CCIE CALENDAR OF EVENTS

The following are upcoming events of interest to CCIE members:

April 18-19: Teaching & Learning About September 11th. California State University, Sacramento. Registration is $ 35.

MAY 3-4: CCIE STUDY ABROAD WORKSHOP: LAKE TAHOE

July 1-4: East West Center International Conference, Kuala Lumpur: "Globalization". More information at: www.eastwestcenter.org/Malaysia2002

July 9-12: 7th INRUDA Conference in Sydney, Australia. "Globalization and the role of Universities in Development" For more information, contact: tony.adams@mq.edu.au or visit www.mq.edu.au

BENEFITS OF CCIE MEMBERSHIP

  • allows college faculty, staff and students, to participate in CCIE sponsored meetings and thematic workshop, and receive a monthly newsletter that serves to advance these efforts.
  • participation in annual faculty grant & student scholarship competition
  • provides members with the ability to share information on programs that can lead to collaborative ventures through CCIE clearinghouse webpage and brochures.

CURRENT MEMBERSHIPS

As a way to thank our member colleges, we are listing colleges who are current with their 2001-2002 Dues. To be included in our next list, we ask that you process your CCIE invoice as soon as possible. 87% of our members paid their 2000-2001 dues by June 30, 2001. As of March 1, CCIE Supporting Members are: Cabrillo; Cerritos; Chaffey; Citrus; Coast CCD; Compton; East L.A., Gavilan, Glendale; Hartnell; Mt. Jacinto; Mt. San Antonio; Napa Valley; Rancho Santiago CCD: Riverside; San Diego CCD; San Francisco; Santa Barbara; Santa Monica; Santa Rosa; Sierra; State Center CCD; Ventura CCD; and Yosemite CCD.


Please Support CCIE With Your Active Participation!

Editor,
Rosalind Raby, Ph.D.
Director