March 1999: vol. 8, no. 7

California Colleges For International Education

(818) 882-9931 FAX (818) 882-9837 E-mail: URL:

International Education Updates


The CCIE Annual Survey was sent to all members via e-mail and by regular mail. Please respond as promptly as possible so that we can update the Web Page, update our Study Abroad Flyer and begin sharing program information once again. CCIE is regularly asked for information on its members by national and international consortia. Therefore, even though this survey is extremely long and detailed, the information that we get is invaluable. For 1999-2000, CCIE will work with IIE Open Doors to share information. Therefore, in order to accurately represent your college, please submit your survey as soon as you receive it. Thank you in advance for you assistance in this project.


Chancellor Tom Nussbaum has asked CCIE to provide him with information on all member college programs with Mexico. This includes study abroad, faculty exchange, international development etc. Please send to Rosalind the following information: (1) Name of person conducting program (with phone, fax and e-mail); (2) name of program; (3) description of program; and (4) contact in Mexico.


The CCIE Study Abroad Brochure details programs, including brief description, location, dates, prices, contact and phone numbers. For inclusion in the Spring 2000 Edition, and in our upcoming Web-page, please mail updates to Rosalind by June 30.


The Internationalizing the Curriculum Committee of SOCCIS sponsored a workshop: "Crossing Boundaries: Internationalizing Across Disciplines, Time and Space", March 5 at Whittier College. The Keynote speaker was Dr. Vishnu Bhatia, Special Assistant to the President, Washington State University. Respondents to the Keynote Address were Joyce Kaufman, Val Rust, Linda Andersen and Laurien Alexandre. A panel on Applications of Ways to Infuse International Perspectives will included Sarah Pratt, Kim Thomas, Elaine Hagland and Rosalind Raby. Exerpt from Dr. Bhatia's presentation will be included in the April CCIE Newsletter.


College Highlights Section spotlights the various new and exciting activities of our members. For inclusion in this section, please send Rosalind a description of what your college is currently doing that is special and what specific assistance or forms of collabortion your college can provide to CCIE members.


Two new study abroad programs are offered. The first focuses on the South of China (6/26 - 7/12), with an itinerary to Huangshan, Shanghai, Suzhou, Guilin, Hangzhou, and Kunming, Xishuang-Banna. Courses include Anthropology & Ethnology of China. The cost is $2650 (including air). The second is a program to Australia (6/27 to 7/13) to Sydney, Cairns, Cooktown, Fitzroy Island, the Great Barrier Reef, Jowalbinna (Aboriginal Art), Lake Tribulation and Port Douglas. Courses include Biology and Ecology at a cost $3106 including airfare. Other summer programs will be offered in Florence (5/29 - 6/25) and Oaxaca, Mexico (6/26 - 7/20).


In order for CCIE to continue hold workshops, give grants, & share program information, we must have money that comes from membership dues. Please urge your college to pay its annual dues and to place CCIE dues in future budgets! Remember dues will be increased to $300 starting in the 1999-2000 academic year.


Frederick Kintzer, UCLA professor emeritus of higher education, published "Subject Leadership Abstracts Summary" that highlights the importance of international education for community colleges. "While not their core mission, involvement with international programs offers American community colleges opportunities for exchanges of ideas, experiences, and resources. As said, almost half of American community colleges are already involved in international education projects. These international relationships;, and the learning from international short-cycle education, can help provide a 'bigger picture' for all leaders grappling with new economic and social challenges in their communities."


The January meeting of the Global and International Education Task Force met in San Francisco. The Vision, Values and Goals were reviewed and new drafts will be submitted at the next meeting. A report was given on a prototype of a web-page design that would involve all California community colleges. The Task Force began prioritizing strategies for future actions. The Task Force will meet in March in San Diego.


Send information regarding non-traditional study abroad programs to Rosalind.


Eastern Eur.Choral Tour: Napa; Prague: Glendale; Western Europe: Art: Coast

Easter Island - Anthropology/ Geology: Saddleback; South China: San Francisco

Australia: San Francisco; Ireland: Glendale


Making a World of Difference: Celebrating 30 Years of Development Progress," depicts USAID new and on-going development challenges and accomplishments. Call (202) 712-4810 for a copy.

Special Issue: Part I - Distance Education & Technology


The on-line magazine, ALN Pedagogy devoted it's entire 2/2 (1998) issue to technology and pedagogy.

The titles of the articles are:

Philip Crooke, Luke Froeb, Steven Tschantz. "Pedagogy Using Mathematics Through the Web"; Robin Mason. Models of Online Courses; Nabil Alrajeh and Bob Janco. " A Model For Asynchronous Learning Networks In Medical Education"Paula B. Doherty. "Learner Control in Asynchronous Learning Environments"; A. J. Turgeon, "Web-Based Technology for Engaging Students across Vast Distances"; Robert F. Hodson. "Merging Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning Networks with Web 4-M"; Tom Abeles. "Competition in Post Secondary Education: A summary of a computer mediated conference"; J. Olin Campbell. "Do We Need An Evaluative Directory of ALN Providers?"

See ALN Pedagogy 2/2 (1998) <>


Eight California higher education Leaders and an official from Governor Pete Wilson's office visited Japan's Ministry of International Trade and Investment, University of Tokyo's National Multimedia Education, Waseda University, government and education offices in Kyoto, Osaka and Shizuoka, and the Sixth International Conference of Computers in Education in Beijing, China. The goal was to promote collaboration between California universities and their Asian counterpart institutions in terms of developing inter-operable course catalogs, joint research and development of new forms of distance learning. Dr. Stanley Chodorow, CEO of California Virtual University, maintains that "the development of the Internet provides new opportunities for faculty throughout the Pacific Rim to cooperate in educating students of every nation."


California Virtual University (CVU), is a joint project to coordinate a single Internet-based catalog of online and technology-mediated course offerings of University of California, California State University, California Community Colleges, Association of Independent California Colleges and Universities. CVU extends access to the state's higher education system to people who are unable to take advantage of traditional on-campus instruction. Currently, 95 California campuses link more than 1,700 courses and over 100 complete programs, from certificates through Ph.D., to the catalog. For additional information contact the Consortium for Distance Learning, Jay Thompson ( or visit <>.


The Third Annual UNESCO-IIEP Workshop (International Institute for Educational Planning), 'The Planning and Management of Distance Learning." was held in December in co-operation with Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University (STOU) in Bangkok. This workshop gave educational administrators, policy makers and managers an overview of the skills and techniques essential for the planning and management of distance-learning systems.

For papers and information: <>


Pre-developed templates to use for higher education course outlines as well as online instructions on how to customize the templates using Netscape Page Composer are maintained at a site by Dr. Karen Bonnell, Associate Professor of Communications Manager of Distance Education Programming Office of Extended Services, University of Southern Indiana, <> <>.


For those initiating distance education programs, the following lists some new publication that provide guidelines and discussion on relevant issues written for a lay academic audience.

1998 New Connections: A Guide to Distance Education 2nd Edition (Instructional Telecommunications Council ITC Publications, an Affiliated Council of AACC), outlines concise explanations of such topics as Point-to-Point Microwave, delivery technologies, Desktop Video, and the real-life pros and cons for adopters. The book also includes short sections on The Characteristics of Successful Distance Learning Programs; Types of Distance Learning Programs; Implementing Faculty Development Programs; and Technology Planning. Visit ITC at <>.

Vicky Phillips and Cindy Yager co-authored, Best Distance Learning Graduate Learning Graduate Schools: Earning Your Degree Without Leaving Home. Ten chapters cover crucial issues related to financial aid, accreditation, designing your own degree, and studying abroad via distance education. While directed at graduate schools, these chapters may be of interest to CCIE colleges as well.

New series, "Learning Technologies" has a new primer, "A Trainer's Guide to Web-Based Instruction," by Jay Alden - ISBN 1-56286-084-44, seeks to demystify the world of Web-based training and online instruction for practitioners and instructors. This series is published by the American Society for Training & Development (ASTD). Included are sections on understanding basic technology tools such as mailing lists, asynchronous message boards, student interaction, presentation of information, and course management. Visit ASTD at <> or e-mail

Paul Levinson's "The Soft Edge" (Routledge) provides an overview of the history and philosophy of information technologies and a humanization emphasis to the theory of the technology revolution.

Wendy M. Grossman's "Net.wars" (NYU Press) investigates the "who will rule cyberspace" theme, including the friction of Net porn/bomb making chaos to government censorship, encryption, Netizens vs. Comm Decency Act, Scientology's raids on Net users, etc.


Colleges are not the only ones developing and deploying distance education programs. Many corporations are also involved in the development or deployment of distance education or training for corporate clients or in-house staff. A new listserv will soon be established for this audience. Send questions <>

NovaQuest Online

An Alliance between TAO Partners with NovaQuest Infosystems to Enter Global Distance Learning Market has been made with its subsidiary i-Netversity, Inc. to develop on-line educational programs to be delivered through NovaQuest's Data Centers and Internet-Centric Data Centers to service over 9,000 corporations worldwide. The company's primary areas of focus are technical training, placement, and business consulting. For information <>.


Discussion list on promoting Internet in South Asia has been formed which will culminate in a workshop in Khatmandu, April 5-7. SASIANET can be reached at <>.


The following are addresses for articles dealing with various issues regarding the Y2K issue.

ION? "Prepare for the worst. Hope for the best." by Dr. Edward Yardeni <>

"The Year 2000 Problem: Global Dimensions" by Ed Yardeni <> (PDF file)

"The Year 2000 Problem in Mexico, A Perspective" by Maria Cristina Padron Hernandez <>

"Year 2000: who will do what and when will they do it? Towards actions" by Douglass Carmichael <>

"Latin America & the Year 2000 Problem: It is Time to Take Action" by Juan-Francisco Roque <>


The World Association for Online Education (WAOE) is an international organization dedicated to turning online education into a professional discipline, which plans to bring online educators together for mutual support and evaluation of online courses and resources. Networking and cooperation are a central focus. Currently WAOE offers free trial memberships at least through June 1999. WAOE aims to be most global and accessible to non-Westerners and to multi-lingual speakers and promotes intercultural understanding. To join WAOE, complete online membership <>. , To subscribe to WAOE-NEWS (moderated list), send an e-mail message to with only the following as the body of your message subscribe waoe-news. To subscribe to WAOE-VIEWS (unmoderated list), send an e-mail message to, with only the following as the body of your message: subscribe waoe-views. A peer-reviewed journal is also under development online.


TeleEducation NB, a province-wide distributed distance learning network in the Canadian province of New Brunswick has opened an international online course database of more than 9,000 public and private courses at all levels from more than 15 countries. Only courses that can be completed fully online are included. The database provides access to courses and programs leading to diplomas, accredited degrees, and certificates as well as professional development and personal interest courses. 75% of the courses originate from U.S. institutions, 18% from Canadian institutions and 3% from Australian institutions. Most courses are in Computers and Technology, Business, Education and English fields. It is expected that there will be more than 40,000 online courses by the year 2000. The Database uses ShareKnowledge software and is sponsored by World Bank, Office of Learning Technologies (Canada), Industry Canada, Commonwealth of Learning, Le centre international pour le développement de l' inforoute en français, Le Consortium international francophone de formation à distance, TeleLearning Research Network. Visit <>.


Some new issues in the use of Internet are currently being discussed in Discussion List of the CPSR. This list is moderated by Arun Mehta <> and can be found at <> To subscribe, send the message subscribe india-gii your name to

These issues under discussion are:

1) Cost: The high cost of Internet in developing countries is very high. The cost of computers, resultant poor penetration, connect charges and long-distance phone charges are clearly major limiting factors in the spread of the Net. As a solution, the propagation of kiosks, multipurpose community centers and cybercafes are emerging.

2) Intranet: As a solution to the cost problem, Nepal's Intranet was discussed. However, it was calculated that the cost may still be high. Nonetheless, advantages of Intranet cited included easier navigation due to better organization of the information, more focus on local content, better training, etc.

3) Quality: limited access, faculty reported underlying telephone infrastructure can be overcome by setting up digital networks to bypass conventional telephone exchanges.

4) Ownership: As an alternate to either government or private-sector owned backbones, the Iowa model was put forward, in which a high level of community involvement and ownership have resulted in the availability of state of the art connectivity in rural areas. The harm caused by monopoly ownership and the resultant corruption was pointed out. There was also some discussion of the new Indian ISP policy which has allowed private ISPs, and of the Nepali government allowing private sector international gateways via VSAT. It was also pointed out that in countries where the private sector set up ISPs, the growth of the Internet had been considerably faster, as for instance in Nepal.

5) Role of Government: The role of government in setting proper policies for promotion of telecom and Internet needs to coincide with initiatives by individuals, NGOs and private sectors independent of the government.

6) Backbone: Who should set up optic-fiber backbones, and for what purposes should it be used. The absurdity of internal South Asian traffic being routed via Singapore and other countries was discussed.

7) Awareness: Lack of awareness among governments, companies and individuals was highlighted as a significant challenge to those promoting Internet.

8) Gender: As a means to overcome gender inequity, discussion centered on a need to integrate computers into primary curriculum and to find ways to make it easier for women to use the Internet, by locating kiosks at places where women congregate, such as schools and health centers. It was also pointed out that in some progressive IT companies, there were already far more women than men employed. Suggestions were also to integrate literacy campaigns, micro-credit schemes and suitable content for rural communities to make it easier and more useful for women to participate in the growth of the Internet, especially in South Asia.

9) Illiteracy: Literacy levels among the lowest in the world were cited as a serious limiting factor to Internet growth in South Asia.

10) Security: The physical security of telecom equipment such as telephone towers and repeaters has been under attack from terrorists in some areas, with an impact on Internet services as well.

11) Language: Concern was expressed at the damage that English has caused to local languages and development. However, there was also the feeling that a common language was needed for global networking, and English was the de-facto standard (although it was pointed out that Spanish and Portuguese are the fastest growing languages on the Net), and that with a multiplicity of languages in some countries in the region, there was no realistic alternative to English. As a handicap in the usage of local languages on the Internet, the lack of standardization in keyboards and fonts, and the role of government in funding appropriate research, were highlighted.

12) E-Commerce: Potential growth in this area exists, however, the need for training of manufacturers of exportable products was emphasized, as also the need to overcome security concerns, and evolve a suitable policy towards encryption.

13) Telephone: The pros (reduced prices, integrated services) and cons (fall in telephone company revenues) of Internet telephony were discussed. As an example of a company that has adapted to the changed communications paradigm, Telecom Finland Ltd. was cited.

14) Rural Information: Provision of suitable information, such as the shortage of qualified people-power in Java/C++ and the role of regional cooperation to mitigate it was highlighted.


The Community College Foundation and the League for Innovation sponsored the TechEd99 Conference last November in Miami Beach. Conference themes were: Education and the Internet; Emerging Technologies; Learning Anytime, Anywhere; Legal, Ethical, and Social Issues; Multimedia in the Classroom; Staff Development and Training; Technology Planning, Standards,& Implementation. For more information, visit <>


The Western U.S. Governors signed an agreement with the China Internet Education Center (CIEC) and with 10 other universities in China to collaborate on the design and delivery of online and Web-based courses that will service 3,000 Internet students in Fall 1999. This is WGU's fifth international agreement. They already have agreements with Tokai University (Japan), University of British Columbia (Canada), The Open University (United Kingdom), and the Virtual University of the Monterrey Institute of Technology (Mexico). For more information visit: <>


Ballots for the Election of New Officers will be mailed in April. Please respond promptly to your ballot. We will be electing a new President, Vice-Presidents and Executive Secretary.


A International/Global Education Session will be held at the Chancellor's Office Mega-Conference March 23, 1999, 1:15 - 4:45 at the Monterey Marriot. Presenters will include Tom Nussbaum, Vishwas More, Brice Harris, Kenneth Fawson, Dagne Tedla, Rosalind Raby and Juan Cruz. Please make plans to attend this important event.

CCIE Web Page

Ccie has it's own WEB-page which currently has several national and international links. The information on this Web-Page, however, is now out of date. Please respond promptly to the Annual Survey if you want your college represented on this page. Please submit URLs, any new additions, or updates on your international programs to Rosalind.


March 23: Chancellor's Office Mega Conference in Monterey.

April 21-24: Tech Ed Confernce in Ontario. <>

June 19-24. ED-MEDIA 99: World Conference on Educational Multimedia, hypermedia & Telecommunications" Settle. E-mail: or <>

July 30 - August 12: UCLA Summer Teacher-Training International Institutes - Community College Track. Be part of the 8th Year in which faculty attend a full-day community college curriculum session followed by 10 days of individual area study in one of the following institutes: Africa; Middle East, Latin America; and Europe/Russia with an emphasis on International Negotiations. Please call Rosalind to reserve a space for the 1999 session.

September 20 - 22: 4th International Conference of the South African Education Law and Policy Association. Bloemfonetein, South Africa. <

The next issue of the CCIE Newsletter will include Special Issue: Distance Education and Technology Part II. Please send articles or editorials to Rosalind for inclusion.

Please Support CCIE


Editor Rosalind Raby, Ph.D. Director of Communications